The sharp rise in individuals shifting to the UK is pushed by a rise within the variety of non-European Union nationals.
Internet migration to the UK has climbed to a report half one million, pushed by a collection of “unprecedented world occasions”, together with the battle in Ukraine and the top of lockdown restrictions, in accordance with the Workplace for Nationwide Statistics (ONS).
About 504,000 extra individuals are estimated to have moved to the UK than left within the 12 months to June 2022, up sharply from 173,000 within the yr to June 2021.
Different components contributing to the soar embrace the resettlement of Afghan refugees, the brand new visa route for British nationals from Hong Kong, and college students arriving from outdoors the European Union.
A complete of 1.1 million individuals are more likely to have migrated to the UK within the yr to June, the bulk – 704,000 – from outdoors the EU.
In contrast, 560,000 individuals are estimated to have migrated from the UK in the identical interval, virtually half of them – 275,000 – going again to the EU.
The imbalance signifies that, whereas way more non-EU nationals are more likely to have arrived within the UK than left throughout these 12 months, the reverse is true for EU nationals, with extra leaving than arriving.
Change in patterns
Jay Lindop, ONS deputy director of the Centre for Worldwide Migrations, mentioned: “A collection of world occasions have impacted worldwide migration patterns within the 12 months to June 2022. Taken collectively these have been unprecedented.
“These embrace the top of lockdown restrictions within the UK, the primary full interval following transition from the EU, the battle in Ukraine, the resettlement of Afghans and the brand new visa route for Hong Kong British nationals, which have all contributed to the report ranges of long-term immigration we have now seen.
“Migration from non-EU nations, particularly college students, is driving this rise. With the lifting of journey restrictions in 2021, extra college students arrived within the UK after finding out remotely through the COVID-19 pandemic.
“Nonetheless, there has additionally been a big improve within the variety of individuals migrating for a spread of different causes. This consists of individuals arriving for humanitarian safety, equivalent to these coming from Ukraine, in addition to for household causes.
“The numerous components unbiased of one another contributing to migration presently imply it’s too early to say whether or not this image will likely be sustained.”
Considerations over the impact of immigration have been one of many huge drivers behind Britain’s vote to depart the EU in 2016, with then-Prime Minister David Cameron repeatedly pledging to get web migration ranges beneath 100,000 a yr.
The earlier report excessive for web migration was simply above 330,000 in 2015.
Separate figures launched by the British authorities on Thursday confirmed 33,029 individuals have been detected arriving by small boats throughout the Channel between January and September this yr, with 61 % of these individuals arriving over the summer time within the months July to September.
The month of August noticed the best variety of small boat arrivals of any month since knowledge has been collected, it mentioned.